Honlap Részletes leírások, ismertetők Energetikai adatok, mértékegységek
Energetikai adatok, mértékegységek

Prefixumok

 

E         =          exa      =1018

P          =          peta     =1015

T          =          tera      =1012

G         =          giga     =109

M        =          mega   =106

k          =          kilo      =103

h          =          hecto   =102

da        =          deka    =101

d          =          deci     =10-1

c          =          centi    =10-2

m         =          milli     =10-3

μ          =          micro   =10-6

n          =          nano    =10-9

p          =          piko     =10-12

f          =          femto  =10-15

a          =          atto      =10-18

 

 

 

Munka/Energia

 

                        J                                 kWh                           kcal

 

1 J                   1                                 0,278x10-6                  0,239x10-3

1 kWh                        3,6 x106                      1                                 860

1 kcal              4186,8                        1,16x10-3                    1

 

 

 

Fűtőértékek  

 

Szilárd anyagok         Ha                                           (MJ/kg)

 

Antracit                                                         32,66…33,91 

Kőszén                                                           27,21…34,12

Kohókoksz                                                    27,84…30,35

Barnaszén brikett                                           19,68…20,10

Fa (száraz)                                                     14,65…16,75

Biobrikett (keményfából)                              18,1

Napraforgó pellet                                          24,2

Tőzeg  (száraz)                                               11,72…15,07                                                

Barnaszén                                                      8,37…..11,30

Fa (nedves)                                        kb.       8,38

 

Folyékony anyagok

Bután                                                             45,74

Propán                                                           41,95

Gázolaj                                                          42,28…43,54

Benzin                                                           42,49

Petróleum                                                      39,77…43,54

Xilol                                                               41,45

Toluol                                                            41,03

Benzol                                                           40,19

Etil-alkohol                                                    25,96

Napraforgó olaj                                             37,12…38,03

Spiritusz (90%)                                              23,86

Metil-alkohol                                                 19,49

Szénkéneg                                                     14,65

 

Légnemű anyagok

 

Benzolgőz                                                      138,16

Butángőz                                                       121,41

Propángőz                                                        92,11

Etán                                                                 63,85

Etilén                                                               59,45

Acetilén                                                           56,10…56,94

Fagáz (nedves)                                                41,87

Fagáz (száraz)                                                  29,31

Metán                                                              35,79

Világítógáz                                                      15,49…17,17

Ammónia                                                         14,19

Szén-monoxid                                                             12,64

Hidrogén                                                       119,59

Vízgáz                                                               9,84

Generátorgáz                                                     4,82…5,23

 

 

Szántóföldi melléktermékekből nyerhető biogáz mennyisége

 

Megnevezés    A nyerhető biogáz mennyisége          Metántartalom                        Energiatartalom

                                    (l/kg szárazanyag)                              (%)                              (KJ/m3)

 

Búzaszalma, szálas                 367                                         78,5                            28,1

Lóhere                                    445                                         77,7                            27,9

Fűfélék                                   557                                         84                               30,2

Marharépalevél                       496                                         84                               30,1

Cukorrépalevél                       501                                         84,8                            30,3

Paradicsomszár, zúzott          606                                         74,7                            26,7

Kukoricaszár, 2cm                 514                                         83,1                            29,8

 

 

 

Napsugárzás Magyarországon

 

Hónap            Elvi maximum óra/hó                       Jellemzően, mért óra/hó

 

Január                         276                                           58

Február                       289                                           85

Március                       373                                         140     

Április                         411                                         197

Május                          470                                         252

Június                         476                                         276

Július                          481                                         310

Augusztus                  440                                         284

Szeptember                 375                                         214

Október                      335                                         145

November                   282                                           62

December                   265                                           42

Évi átlag:                  4473                                       2065

 
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